A Beginner's Guide to Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is a chronic condition that affects the way the body produces and uses insulin, a hormone that is necessary for the metabolism of glucose. Currently considered an autoimmune disorder, how type 1 comes to be is unclear. We know a diabetics beta cells die off within the body. As a result, individuals with type 1 diabetes are unable to produce insulin and must rely on insulin injections or an insulin pump to manage their blood sugar levels.
Type 1 diabetes is different from type 2 diabetes, which is a condition in which the body still makes insulin, but is unable to properly use it. While type 2 diabetes is often linked to lifestyle factors, such as being overweight and inactive, type 1 diabetes has been labeled a genetic condition, but with inconclusive evidence.
Symptoms of type 1 diabetes may include:
Slow-healing cuts or bruises
If left untreated, high blood sugar levels can lead to serious complications, such as nerve damage, kidney damage, and eye problems. It's imperative type 1s use insulin to account for their sugar intake, while improving their bodies natural mineral balance and decreasing inflammation.
Treatment for type 1 diabetes typically involves a combination of insulin injections or an insulin pump, a healthy diet, and regular physical activity. It may also include blood sugar monitoring, regular visits with a healthcare team, and education on how to manage the condition.
Managing type 1 diabetes can be challenging, but with the right treatment plan and support, individuals with the condition will lead healthy, active lives. If you or a loved one has been diagnosed with type 1 diabetes, don't hesitate to seek support and resources to help manage the condition.
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